Reionization science and 21-cm cosmology in the era of SKA

Title: Reionization science and 21-cm cosmology in the era of SKA 

Speaker: Yi Mao (Tsinghua University)  

Time: 3 pm, Nov. 08(Thursday) 

Location: Lecture Hall, 3rd floor 

Abstract: The 21-cm signal from the epoch of reionization (EOR) contains a wealth of information with regard to how astrophysical sources ionized the intergalactic medium at high redshifts. Upcoming radio interferometric experiments such as the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) will have enough sensitivity to uncover details of cosmic reionization. However, endeavors must be taken to ensure that we understand the signal in depth and prepare for analysis of big data. In this talk, we will report our recent efforts in two aspects: data analysis with deep learning for SKA Phase 1, and new 21-cm observables for SKA Phase 2. (1) We apply the technique of deep learning with 3D convolutional neural networks and show that this new technique can be employed to recover the parameters of reionization model directly from the 21-cm lightcone 3D images. We demonstrate that the accuracy with this technique can be much better than that from the 21-cm power spectrum using the conventional MCMC method. (2) We also apply the technique of artificial neuron networks and show that it can recover the ionized bubble size distribution from the 21-cm power spectrum from the EOR, with high accuracy. (3) We propose to extract the antisymmetric part, particularly the dipole, of the cross power spectrum between the HI 21-cm and CO emission line, as a new probe of the EOR. The non-zero detection of the dipole of the 21cm-CO cross power spectrum will be a smoking gun for flagging the cosmic reionization. (4) We propose to measure the three-point correlation function of the 21cm signal which probes complementary information to the commonly studied two-point correlation function about the morphology of ionized regions.  

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