Close domestic and international collaborations have been established during the past decades. A joint Lab for Galaxies and Cosmology was set up between SHAO and University of Science and Technology of China in 2005. A partner group of the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics (MPA) in SHAO was founded in 2000 through an exchange program between the CAS and the Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Sciences (MPG). And in 2006, the second similar partner group started. The 25m radio telescope is the member of European VLBI Network (EVN). It also participates the International VLBI Services for Astrometry and Geodesy (IVS), the VLBI Space Observatory Program (VSOP), the Asia-Pacific Space Geodynamics Program (APSG), as well as observations related to aerospace navigation. SHAO is also the secretariat of the Asia and Pacific regional Space and Geodetic project (APSG). The SLR station of SHAO has taken part in international cooperation program such as WPLTN, DOSE, etc.
*Asia-Pacific Space Geodynamics
The Asian-Pacific area, primarily the western Pacific boundary zone including China, Japan, and Southeast Asia, and the northern Indian Ocean boundary zone including the Tibetan Plateau of China and Southeast Asia, is the convergence zone of four plates: Eurasian, Pacific, Philippine and Indo-Australian. The region also includes a major portion of the tectonic system that is responsible for new activity in the Round-Pacific and the Alps-Himalayas mountain-building zones. The area is characterized by complex tectonics, violent crustal motion, frequent and fierce earthquakes, and devastating volcanic activity. In this area there is dense population, rapidly developing economics, and yet frequent and serious natural hazards (earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, sea immersion, etc.). Therefore this area is one of the most appropriate and urgent regions for research in tectonic and crustal motion, local deformation, sea-level change and their effects on the existing human environment. The main objective of the Asia-Pacific Space Geodynamics (APSG) Program is to unite all relevant activities in the region into a cooperative research project in plate tectonic, crustal motion and deformation, and sea level change in the area. This will provide a synergistic umbrella for scientists in the region to cooperate and to contribute to the better understanding of the processes involved and better prediction of major disastrous events. A major impetus for this program has been the emergence of space geodetic techniques with mm measurement capability.
All countries in the Asia-Pacific area are urged to join in this project, while countries outside the area are warmly invited to participate. The project will promote international academic exchange and scientific cooperation, and will contribute to the scientific research level of the developing countries in this area.
*Partner Group of the MPA at Shanghai Observatory
The Partner Group of Max-Planck Institute for Astrophysics (MPA) in SHanghai Astronomical Observatory (SHAO) was founded in May 2000 through the exchange program between the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and the Max-Planck Society for the Advancement of Sciences (MPG). The goal of establishing this group is to create an active research group which will play an important role in promoting cosmological research in China, in enhancing the existing exchanges between Chinese and German astronomers, and in training outstanding young cosmologists.
The group is carrying out research on numerical simulations of galaxy formation and on statistical analysis of large scale structures.The group now has eleven members; five staff members, and six graduate students. A computer system has been set up which can satisfy the current computational need of the group for its research work.The group is a main participating group of the Major State Basic Research Project (973) "Galaxy formation and Evolution", and is an independent group of the CAS's Knowledge Innovation Project. In cooperating with the Beijing Astrophysics Center of Peking University and with the National Astronomical Observatories in Bejing, the group has organized a workshop on Cosmological Simulations and a nationwide graduate course on Observational Cosmology. The head of the group was awarded a One-Hundred-Talent fund by CAS, a State Outstanding Young Researcher fund by the Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), and a Young Scientist Award by CAS.
* CAS - KNAW Cooperation for Radio Astronomy
* SHAO Joins International VLBI Observations: EVN, IVS, VSOP
Every year, a large number of faculty members and students visit foreign institutions and observatories, attend international conferences and schools, and observe astrophysical sources by using advanced astronomical facilities. Meanwhile, many outstanding scholars from abroad are invited to work or lecture in SHAO.